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Firm Size and Board Diversity

Authors/Editors: Arnegger, Martin
Hofmann, Christian
Pull, Kerstin
Vetter, Karin
Published: 2014
Type: Articles in Refereed Journals (International)
ISBN/ISSN: 1385-3457
Published by: Journal of Management and Governance

Abstract

This study seeks to understand the relation between firm size and supervisory board composition. Specifically, we ask if and how firm size influences occupational and international background diversity in supervisory boards. Relying on resource dependence theory and theories of organizational behavior, we hypothesize that board diversity with respect to directors’ occupational background will increase with firm size, while the relation between firm size and board diversity with respect to directors’ international background will be concave. Using archival data for supervisory board members of 151 German firms listed in the German stock exchange indices DAX, MDAX, SDAX and TecDAX for the business year 2005, we find empirical support for our hypotheses: Both, occupational and international background diversity increase with increasing firm size, but international background diversity does so at decreasing rates.