Institute of Accounting and Control

Language Selection

Breadcrumb Navigation


Hedging and Accounting-based RPE Contracts for Powerful CEOs

Authors/Editors: Diser, Viktoria
Hofmann, Christian
Published: 2018
Type: Articles in Refereed Journals (International)
Published by: Journal of Business Economics
Additional information: 88 (7/8) 2018, 941-970


Several firms prohibit their CEOs from trading in the stock of peer firms. This is puzzling since hedging by the CEO through private trading in the capital market can reduce the CEO’s exposure to systematic compensation risk. When the CEO’s incentive contract comprises relative performance evaluation, we find that the firm might want to disallow private hedging even though there are no technological interdependencies or strategic interactions to peer firms. In the analysis, we highlight two frequently observed characteristics of incentive contracts. First, the use of accounting benchmarks is widespread in compensation contracts for CEOs. Second, empirical and anecdotal evidence suggests that powerful CEOs have influence on the process of designing their own compensation. We find that in the presence of a powerful CEO, the firm can benefit from disallowing private hedging. In particular, the firm’s decision to allow or to disallow private hedging depends on the characteristics of the accounting benchmarks and the characteristics of the peer firms.